Number of programs implemented for men and boys that include examining gender and culture norms related to SGBV
The number of programs implemented in a country, region or community for men and boys that include activities aimed at examining and challenging men’s and boys’ gender and cultural norms related to sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), in a specified time period.
With reference to cultural context, the following issues should be addressed and integrated into program curricula and/or activities:
- Gender and violence within the family
- Intimate partner violence
- Sexual or physical violence
All three issues must be included in the program or curricula to be counted.
The number of programs aimed at men and boys that includes curricula and activities aimed at changing men’s and boys’ views on the cultural acceptability of SGBV. Disaggregate by program coverage (how many people participate), age, region.
A survey of organizations implementing programs aimed at men and boys.
Addressing gender norms with men and boys has been shown to improve reproductive health outcomes for both women and men including a reduced incidence of HIV. This indicator is a measure of programmatic effort at raising awareness about, changing attitudes towards and changing behavior related to SGBV, particularly violence against women and girls. Programmatic efforts aimed at getting men and boys to be more aware of their own health issues as well as those of their partners have broadened to include the social issues underpinning those health outcomes. A good example is the Men as Partners program. Educating and listening to men and boys about masculinity and intimate partner and sexual violence combined with their participation in activities geared towards enhancing their understanding of how detrimental these issues are in their community will ideally influence changes in beliefs and actions.
Large programmatic efforts may be fairly easy to identify, but smaller programs could be missed if they are implemented by smaller organizations. Coverage of the program is important to assess, since a large program in a country could target people in different regions and cover a larger population than several smaller programs.
attitude, violence, male engagement
Bloom S. “Violence Against Women and Girls: A Compendium of Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators.” USAID, IGWG, and MEASURE Evaluation, 2008.
EngenderHealth & Planned Parenthood Association of South Africa (PPASA). 2001. Men as Partners: a program for supplementing the training of life skills educators. A program developed by EngenderHealth and the PPASA. www.engenderhealth.org/files/pubs/gender/ppasamanual.pdf